Types of Guitars

Owing to the contribution of the guitar to the music industry, it can be said that had it not been for the guitars in the past, there would not have been so many musicians and artists today. The invention of this stringed musical instrument has certainly proven to be a significant step in music revolution. A fact worth knowing is that learning the different types of guitars is as interesting as taking guitar lessons. A beginner guitarist gradually gains knowledge about the types of guitars and their specifications for classification. 

There are basically two primary types of guitars viz. acoustic and electric. Note that guitars are further categorized as per specifications such as type and number of strings, model and shape, purpose of use, brands, pickups used, and other factors. Therefore, it cannot be said that there are fixed types of guitars. In the following, we are going to discuss in general the kinds of guitars used by professionals in the music industry. First let us understand about the guitar types in the acoustic category.

Types of Acoustic Guitars

Traditionally, there are two variants of acoustic guitars, such as classical guitars and folk guitars. The former types are those which have nylon strings for soft playing and a wider fingerboard. They are even referred to as Spanish guitars. The latter ones are acoustics which are used by beginners and are commonly available in musical instrument stores. These instruments have bronze or steel strings, which give out a sharp tone. The types of acoustic guitars are further sorted out according to the number of strings, body type, and whether they have an electric connection for amplification.

You can get acoustics in both six and 12 strings, with the 12-stringed ones used for a clearer and cleaner tone. They even come in a wide range of body types such as jumbo, dreadnought, nex, classic, artist, and so on. Those acoustic guitar models which have a pickup facility to electrify the output are known as electro-acoustic guitars. Other specific types are resonator guitars which have a steel-like plate over the front side of the body, and come without a soundboard. The types of electric guitars are discussed in the following.

Types of Electric Guitars

Electric guitars are mainly classified according to factors like body style, type of pickups, and type and number of strings. The basis of classification of body types in electric guitars is due to the various brands available today. For example, Fender Corporation has two world famous models of electric guitars such as the 'Stratocaster' and 'Telecaster', or Gibson Corporation has its 'Les Paul'. And any guitars made similar to these models are known by their respective brand styles.

The pickup arrangement is also a minor aspect for the electric guitar classification. Traditionally, there are two kinds of pickups incorporated in electric guitars; such as single coil and humbuckers. Guitars with single coil pickups give out a mellow sound, whereas those fitted with humbuckers have a fat, powerful sound. A majority of famous guitar players use standard six-stringed guitars. However, some famous guitarists like Joe Satriani and Steve Vai use guitars with seven strings.

Some guitar manufacturers today offer a customization choice to consumers who want to own unique guitar models. Moving further, semi-acoustic guitars are those which are in the shape of an electric guitar, but have a sound box as well as pickups. Guitars with double necks are also available, on which one fretboard may be used for six strings and the other for 12 strings. In such models, it can also be that the necks are used for alternate guitar tunings on a same song. Read on to know more about the types of bass guitars.

Types of Bass Guitars

Normally, bass guitars are sorted out according to how many strings they have. Standard variants of these types of guitars come with four strings, while others even have five, six, or eight strings. You may also find electric and acoustic bass guitars, with the latter models used by jazz musicians or professionals who are into classical music. Bass guitars further come with options like fretted or fretless. Fretted electric basses are widely used by musicians around the world. But only guitar virtuosos use fretless basses.

Coming to the body styles of electric bass guitars, they are very much similar to rhythm electric guitars. For example, you can get an electric bass in the shape of a Fender Stratocaster. Other classification aspects of bass guitars are almost the same as the above mentioned guitars. Let us take a look at the best guitar brands list.